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According to the scholar P.H. Reaney, Heacock is a variant of Hickox and patronymic in origin. Patronymic surnames are derived from the first name of the father of the initial bearer. In this case, the name indicates "son of Heacock or Hickox", variants of the ancient personal name Heacoc, a diminutive of Heah, a short form of various compound personal names with a first element derived from the Old English "heah" meaning "high, tall". However, the scholar Charles Waring Bardsley indicates that Heacock is toponymic in origin, derived from the place where the original bearer once lived or held land. In this instance, the name indicates "one who came from Heathcock or Heathcote", the name of places in Derbyshire and Warwickshire, so called from the Old English "hath" meaning "heathland, heather" and "cot" meaning "cottage, dwelling". Variants of this surname include Hickox, Hickock, Haycock, Heathcock and Heathcote.

This surname or variant is recorded as early as the thirteenth century. In 1219 one William Hekoc is mentioned in the Assize Rolls for Lancashire and one Hekoc is listed in the Rotuli Hundredorum of Huntingdonshire in 1279. In 1366 the Subsidy Rolls for Lancashire contains a reference to one Hekoc de Par and William Hycoxe appears in records from 1555. The marriage of Anthonie Hartley and Margery Heacocke is registered in St. James Clerkenwell, London, in 1630 and John Stephenson and Eleanor Heacock were married in St. George Hanover Square in 1788. The coat of arms described below was granted to the Heacock family of Newington, Co. Middlesex in 1746.

Blazon of Arms
Erminois an elephant azure on a chief of the second the sun in splendour between beehives or.

The fur erminois was considered the perfect emblem of dignity.

A hind sefant reguardant erminois collared gules reposing the Dexter foot on a beehive or.